Linguistic categories and elements

that are reflected by the Udi morphology:

 

1. Sorted by linguistic categories:

2. Sorted by categorial elements:

3. Distribution (general and in sample text)

 

 

1. Sorted by linguistic categories:

 

AGR-clitic

1pl:gen

-bes^-

AGR-clitic

1pl:imp (esun)

-en

AGR-clitic

1pl:io

-ya-

AGR-clitic

1pl:poss

-bes^-

AGR-clitic

1pl:s=a

-yan-

AGR-clitic

1sg:gen

-bez-

AGR-clitic

1sg:io

-za-

AGR-clitic

1sg:poss

-bez-

AGR-clitic

1sg:s=a

-zu-

-z-

AGR-clitic

2pl:gen

-e?f-

AGR-clitic

2pl:imp (esun)

-nen

AGR-clitic

2pl:io

-va?-

AGR-clitic

2pl:poss

-e?f-

AGR-clitic

2pl:s=a

-nan-

AGR-clitic

2sg:gen

-vi-

AGR-clitic

2sg:io

-va-

AGR-clitic

 

2sg:s=a

-nu-

-n-

AGR-clitic

2sg:poss

-vi-

AGR-clitic

2sg:imp (esun)

-e

AGR-clitic

3pl:io

-qo-

AGR-clitic

3pl:poss

-qoy-

AGR-clitic

3pl:s=a

-qun-

AGR-clitic

3pl:s=a (N.)

-tun-

AGR-clitic

3sg:io

-tu-

AGR-clitic

3sg:poss

-ta-

AGR-clitic

3sg:s=a

-ne

AGR-clitic

3sg:s=a (N.)

-e-

AGR-clitic

3sg:s=a:quest

-a

CASE

ablative

-axo

-uxo

-ixo

-exo

CASE

ablative-com. N.

-xun

CASE

abs (nSAP(1))

-n

CASE

adessive

-asta

-usta

-ista

-esta

CASE

allative

-ac^

-ec^

-ic^

-uc^

CASE

allative:pl

-oc^

CASE

benefactive

-aynak(ena)

-enk(ena)

CASE

comitative

-axol

-uxol

-ixol

-exol

CASE

dative1

-a

-u

-i

-u

CASE

dative2

-ax

-ex

-ix

-ux

CASE

ergative-genitive

-in

CASE

ergative-instrumental

-en

CASE

genitive

-i

-a

-e

-ay

-ey

-un

CASE

singular:abs (nominalized)

-o

CASE

stem augment obl.

-l-

-n-

-t-

CASE

stem augment:abs

-n-

CASE

superessive

-al

-el

-il

-ul

CASE:NUMBER

ablative:pl

-oxo

CASE:NUMBER

adessive:pl

-osta

CASE:NUMBER

comitative:pl

-oxol

CASE:NUMBER

dative1:pl

-o

CASE:NUMBER

dative2:pl

-ox

CASE:NUMBER

genitive:pl

-oy

-o

CASE:NUMBER

pl:abs (N.)

-xo

CASE:NUMBER

plural:abs

-or

CASE:NUMBER

plural:abs

-ux

CASE:NUMBER

superessive:pl

-ol

NUMBER

plural:obl

-g/-

NUMBER

plural:old

-mu-

-qo-

-ur-

PRAGMATIC

focus

-al

SUBORDINATOR

converb:ante/par

-atan

SUBORDINATOR

converb:final

-ax

SUBORDINATOR

converb:par

-axun

SUBORDINATOR

converb:post

-am

-ama

-amin

SUBORDINATOR

masdar1 (inf.)

-es

SUBORDINATOR

masdar2 (inf.)

-esun

TAM

adhortative

qa-

TAM

aorist; participle

-i

TAM

conditional

gi-

TAM

future1; pres:fut:part

-al

TAM

future1-future1

-alal

TAM

future2

-o

TAM

future2-future1

-oal

TAM

future2-past

-oy

TAM

lv:fut (esun)

-eg/-

TAM

lv:fut (pesun)

-uk-

TAM

lv:pres (pesun)

-ex-

TAM

neg:assertive

te-

TAM

neg:conditional

n-

TAM

neg:prohibitive

ma-

TAM

optative

-a

TAM

optative-past

-ay

TAM

past

-i

TAM

perfect

-e

TAM

perfect-past

-ey

TAM

present

-sa

TAM

present-past

-say

VALENCE

causative

-ev-

VALENCE

lv:intr:past / pass

-ec-

 

 

2. Sorted by categorial elements:

 

1pl:gen

-bes^-

1pl:imp (esun)

-en

1pl:io

-ya-

1pl:poss

-bes^-

1pl:s=a

-yan-

1sg:s=a

-zu-

-z-

1sg:gen

-bez-

1sg:io

-za-

1sg:poss

-bez-

2pl:gen

-e?f-

2pl:imp (esun)

-nen

2pl:io

-va?-

2pl:poss

-e?f-

2pl:s=a

-nan-

2sg:gen

-vi-

2sg:imp (esun)

-e

2sg:io

-va-

2sg:poss

-vi-

2sg:s=a

-nu-

-n-

3pl:io

-qo-

3pl:poss

-qoy-

3pl:s=a

-qun-

3pl:s=a (N.)

-tun-

3sg:io

-tu-

3sg:poss

-ta-

3sg:s=a

-ne

3sg:s=a (N.)

-e-

3sg:s=a:quest

-a

ablative

-axo

-uxo

-ixo

-exo

ablative:pl

-oxo

ablative-com. N.

-xun

abs (nSAP(1))

-n

adessive

-asta

-usta

-ista

-esta

adessive:pl

-osta

adhortative

qa-

allative

-ac^

-ec^

-ic^

-uc^

allative:pl

-oc^

aorist; participle

-i

benefactive

-aynak(ena)

-enk(ena)

causative

-ev-

comitative

-axol

-uxol

-ixol

-exol

comitative:pl

-oxol

conditional

gi-

converb:ante/par

-atan

converb:final

-ax

converb:par

-axun

converb:post

-am

-ama

-amin

dative1

-a

-u

-i

-u

dative1:pl

-o

dative2

-ax

-ex

-ix

-ux

dative2:pl

-ox

ergative-genitive

-in

ergative-instrumental

-en

focus

-al

future1; pres:fut:part

-al

future1-future1

-alal

future2

-o

future2-future1

-oal

future2-past

-oy

genitive

-i

-a

-e

-ay

-ey

-un

genitive:pl

-oy

-o

lv:fut (esun)

-eg/-

lv:fut (pesun)

-uk-

lv:intr:past / pass

-ec-

lv:pres (pesun)

-ex-

masdar1 (inf.)

-es

masdar2 (inf.)

-esun

neg:assertive

te-

neg:conditional

n-

neg:prohibitive

ma-

optative

-a

optative-past

-ay

past

-i

perfect

-e

perfect-past

-ey

pl:abs (N.)

-xo

plural:abs

-or

plural:abs

-ux

plural:obl

-g/-

plural:old

-mu-

-qo-

-ur-

present

-sa

present-past

-say

singular:abs (nominalized)

-o

stem augment obl.

-l-

-n-

-t-

stem augment:abs

-n-

superessive

-al

-el

-il

-ul

superessive:pl

-ol

 

 

3. Distribution:

 

3.1 Classification of morphemes:

 

Referential center 27

Case 15

Number 11

Focus 1

 

Relational center: 54

Agreement 25

TAM 21

Subordinators 6

Valence changes 2

 

 

3.2 Categorial elements used in the sample text Yesir Pascag/:

 

Total: 144 Morpheme

 

Referential center: 63

Case 60

Number 0

Focus 3

 

Relational center: 81

Agreement 36

TAM 36

Subordinators 9

Valence changes 0